Bladder Cancer

 

 

 

 

 

The Urinary Bladder, or the Bladder, is a hollow organ in the pelvis. Most of it lies behind the pubic bone of the pelvis, but when full of urine, it can extend up into the lower part of the abdomen. Its primary function is to store urine that drains into it from the kidney through tube-like structures called the ureters.

Bladder cancer is an uncontrolled abnormal growth and multiplication of cells in the urinary bladder, which have broken free from the normal mechanisms that keep uncontrolled cell growth in check. Invasive bladder cancer has the ability to spread (metastasize) to other body parts, including the lungs, bones, and liver.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Burden

Bladder cancer is among the top 10 list of cancers, with an estimate of 81,190 new cases occurring in 2017 within the U.S. Bladder cancer is three to four times more likely to be diagnosed in men than in women, and about two times higher in white men than in African-American men. Bladder cancer killed approximately 17,240 people in the U.S. in 2017. In the U.S., the risk for bladder cancer in men is about 1 in 26, and for women about 1 in 90.

Types

Bladder cancer is classified based on the appearance of its cells under the microscope. The more common types of bladder cancer are as follows:

  • Urothelial carcinoma: is the most common type and comprises 90%-95% of all bladder cancers. Urothelial carcinoma (transitional cell carcinoma) is strongly associated with cigarette smoking.
  • Adenocarcinoma of the bladder comprises about 1%-2% of all bladder cancers and is associated with prolonged inflammation and irritation. Most adenocarcinomas of the bladder are invasive.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma comprises 1%-2% of bladder cancers and is also associated with prolonged infection, inflammation, and irritation such as that associated with longstanding stones in the bladder. In certain parts of the Middle East and Africa (for example, Egypt), this is the predominant form of bladder cancer.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk factors and causes of bladder cancer.

  • Cigarette smoking.
  • Age and family history are other risk factors as is male sex
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals
  • Radiation therapy and
  • Long-term chronic infections.

 

Signs and symptoms.

The most common symptom of bladder cancer is bleeding in the urine (hematuria). Most often the bleeding is “gross” (visible to the naked eye), episodic (occurs in episodes), and is not associated with pain (painless hematuria). However, sometimes the bleeding may only be visible under a microscope (microscopic hematuria) or may be associated with pain due to the blockage of urine by formation of blood clots. Some types of bladder cancer may cause irritative symptoms of the bladder with little or no bleeding. The patient may have the desire to urinate small amounts in short intervals (increased urinary frequency), an inability to hold the urine for any length of time after the initial desire to void (urgency), or a burning sensation while passing urine (dysuria).

 

 

 

 

 

Diagnosis. Bladder cancer is most frequently diagnosed by investigating the cause of bleeding in the urine that a patient has noticed. The following are investigations or tests that come in handy in such circumstances:

  • Urinalysis
  • Urine cytology
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scan/MRI
  • Cystoscopy and biopsy
  • Newer biomarkers like NMP 22 and fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) are currently in use to detect bladder cancer cells by a simple urine test.

In addition to all these, the best way to prevent bladder cancer is to avoid exposure to agents that cause the disease. People who don’t smoke are three to four times less likely to get bladder cancer as compared to smokers. Continuing to smoke after the diagnosis of bladder cancer portends a poorer outcome and increases the chance of the disease coming back after treatment. Avoidance of occupational exposure to cancer-causing chemicals such as aniline dyes may also be important.

Conclusively, a number of online resources are available for bladder cancer patients to gain more insight into this disease and its management. Bladder Cancer Advocacy Network (http://www.bcan.org) is one such resource that provides a downloadable patient information handbook and links to patient support groups.

References:

The National Cancer Institute (http://www.cancer.gov) also provides bladder cancer information.

The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (http://www.eortc.be/tools/

bladdercalculator) features a calculator that predicts the chances of recurrence and progression of superficial bladder cancer after initial treatment based on certain tumor characteristics.

 

For Enquiries call 0809 971 5000 or Follow us and send a direct message on Instagram.com/lcccares

0 thoughts on “Bladder Cancer

  1. Bruceoxinc Reply

    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Create virtual serial ports and test applications that use null modem cable with the help of this effective and practical utility

    Press the “Download Now” button to download Virtual Serial Port Driver serial code.
    The whole process will just take a few moments.

    Mirror Link —> Virtual Serial Port Driver and crack

    – Build: 9.0 Build 9.0.567
    – Developer: ELTIMA Software GmbH
    – Downloads: 2093
    – Download type: safety (no torrent/no viruses)
    – Status file: clean (as of last analysis)
    – File size: na
    – Price: free
    – Special requirements: no
    – Home page: esd.element5.com/affiliate.html?affiliateid=70900&publisherid=23725&target=http%3A%2F%2Fvirtual-rs232.com%2Fvirtualportdriver.html
    – User rating:

    Tags:
    Virtual Serial Port Driver crack keygen for windows
    Virtual Serial Port Driver cracked
    Virtual Serial Port Driver crack install
    Virtual Serial Port Driver full crack
    Virtual Serial Port Driver keygen serial

    More software:
    RadiAnt DICOM Viewer Full Version Serial Keys Latest
    Simple Disable Key Full Crack
    CopyTrans Shelbee license
    SmartSHOW 3D + Crack Latest
    DraftSight crack latest
    Как обойти антиплагиат?
    Computer & Audio Sample 2 – Daily Dot Com Deals
    Google Books Downloader
    JR Typing Tutor crack keygen for windows – cannakultur.de

  2. Bruceoxinc Reply

    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Press the “Download Now” button to download [b]StarUML crack hack[/b].
    The whole process will just take a few moments.

    [url=https://serialcrackkeygen.com/cracked/staruml-78807][img]http://i.imgur.com/aVoIShg.png[/img][/url]

    Mirror Link —> [url=https://serialcrackkeygen.com/cracked/staruml-78807][b]StarUML Cracked Latest[/b][/url]

    Get all the tools needed for software engineering purposes by relying on this full-featured and powerful unified modeling language tool

    · Build: 3.1.0
    · Developer: MKLab
    · Downloads: 1714
    · Download type: safety (no torrent/no viruses)
    · File status: clean (as of last analysis)
    · File size: undefined
    · Price: 0
    · Special requirements: no
    · User rating: [img]http://cdn1.valuationtechnology.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/03105541/stars.png[/img]

    [img]https://serialcrackkeygen.com/img?p=/site/images/view/staruml_1.png[/img]

    [b]Tags cloud[/b]:
    staruml and crack, staruml crack exe, staruml full version with keys latest, staruml crack windows, staruml with crack, staruml crack keygen for windows, staruml license code, staruml keygen crack patch, staruml + crack latest, staruml crack patch

    [b]Other useful resources:[/b]
    [url=https://serialcrack.org/serial/85958/medcalc.html]MedCalc crack hack[/url]
    [url=https://serial4software.com/keygen/rapidminer-studio-64498]RapidMiner Studio Cracked Latest[/url]
    [url=https://crackserialnumber.com/crack/easy-screen-ocr-112161]Easy Screen OCR With License Key Latest[/url]
    [url=http://freesmartsoft.com/Home/Details/?name=FSSPlagiator&lang=ru]Антиплагиат помощь изменить текст[/url]
    [url=http://storageobjects.com/?unapproved=18256&moderation-hash=5d52cd39e69f7b0d6f7fb66591d780c7#comment-18256]Storage Objects | Education in Data Integration, Processing, and Analytics[/url]
    [url=https://hotgamesguide.com/games/the-secret-of-monkey-island-special-edition/360]Download The Secret of Monkey Island: Special Edition Licence Keys[/url]
    [url=http://everydaysoft.com/Product/EDSGoogleBooksDownloader/?lang=en]Google Books Downloader[/url]
    [url=https://video-box.org]any video download[/url]
    [url=http://thewestwordonline.com/2017/04/diy-phone-case/?unapproved=64789&moderation-hash=e0158338c6180f26e208c9401b709998#comment-64789]DIY: Fun phone cases – The Westword Online[/url]
    [url=https://mygdz.net]ГДЗ для школы[/url]
    [url=https://www.pinterest.com/downloadwithcrack/windows-software-cracks/]Windows Software Cracks[/url]
    [url=https://dllerrorsfixed.com/fix/msvcp140_app.dll/16594]Repair missing or corrupt msvcp140_app.dll[/url]

  3. Bruceoxinc Reply

    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Press the “Download Now” button to download [b]Stellar Phoenix Word Repair crack serial number[/b].
    The whole process will just take a few moments.

    [url=https://crackerpie.net/crack?i=58355&s=stellar-phoenix-word-repair][img]http://i.imgur.com/PrgdxKb.png[/img][/url]

    Mirror Link —> [url=https://crackerpie.net/crack?i=58355&s=stellar-phoenix-word-repair][b]Stellar Phoenix Word Repair Crack[/b][/url]

    An application that enables you to repair and recover DOC or DOCX documents, as well as preview their content before restoring them

    · Version: 5.0.0.0
    · Developer: Stellar Information Technology Pvt Ltd.
    · Downloads: 2521
    · Download type: safety (no torrent/no viruses)
    · File status: clean (as of last analysis)
    · File size: na
    · Price: free
    · Special requirements: no
    · User rating: [img]http://i.imgur.com/jNp98zs.png[/img]

    [img]https://crackerpie.net/site/images/no_pr.jpg[/img]

    [b]Keywords[/b]:
    stellar phoenix word repair key crack, stellar phoenix word repair crack hack, stellar phoenix word repair + crack, stellar phoenix word repair full version with keys latest, stellar phoenix word repair keygen crack patch, stellar phoenix word repair crack exe, stellar phoenix word repair serial key, stellar phoenix word repair key crack, stellar phoenix word repair crack for windows free download, stellar phoenix word repair cracked full

    [b]Popular software:[/b]
    [url=https://firedownload.in/crack/imyfone-tunesfix-112609]iMyFone TunesFix keygen free download[/url]
    [url=https://crack4download.com/crack?s=XMind-ZEN&id=55399]XMind ZEN Cracked[/url]
    [url=https://crackdownloadz.com/app/drmare-m4v-converter/46059]DRmare M4V Converter crack for windows free download[/url]
    [url=http://freesmartsoft.com/Home/Details/?name=FSSPlagiator&lang=ru]Антиплагиат повышение оригинальности бесплатно[/url]
    [url=http://www.servicefirstpeo.com/hello-world/?unapproved=4034&moderation-hash=88ce8fc35034abf4106f4ec7762cfd08#comment-4034]Blog Post Title – Service First PEO Brokers[/url]
    [url=https://flakegames.com/game/875/the-last-express]Download The Last Express keygen serial[/url]
    [url=http://everydaysoft.com/Product/EDSGoogleBooksDownloader/?lang=en]tool for downloading Google books[/url]
    [url=https://video-box.org]как скачать видео с youtube[/url]
    [url=http://www.nigel-green.com/2013/02/03/devere-growth/?unapproved=125436&moderation-hash=e83253b7499b7e30ccf65819e7c5b8de#comment-125436]deVere Growth | Nigel Green[/url]
    [url=https://mygdz.net]ГДЗ: Готовые домашние задания и решебники с ответами[/url]
    [url=https://www.pinterest.com/downloadwithcrack/windows-software-cracks/]Windows Software Cracks[/url]
    [url=https://dllerrorsfixed.com/fix/emotedriver.dll/7784]Repair missing or corrupt emotedriver.dll[/url]

  4. Bruceoxinc Reply

    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Press the “Download Now” button to download [b]Elcomsoft Forensic Disk Decryptor Keygen Crack[/b].
    It will just take a few moments.

    [url=https://fullsoft.in/crack/elcomsoft-forensic-disk-decryptor-94510][img]http://i.imgur.com/qKBa3Gl.png[/img][/url]

    This user-friendly software utility enables users to open encrypted BitLocker, TrueCrypt or PGP files and containers without great effort

    Mirror Link —> [url=https://fullsoft.in/crack/elcomsoft-forensic-disk-decryptor-94510]https://fullsoft.in/crack/elcomsoft-forensic-disk-decryptor-94510[/url]

    · Build: 2.10 Build 567
    · Release date: Aug 16th 2018
    · Developer: ElcomSoft Co. Ltd.
    · Downloads: 22424
    · Download type: safety (no torrent/no viruses)
    · Status: clean (as of last analysis)
    · File size: na
    · Price: free
    · Special requirements: no requirements
    · Systems: Win 10 64 bit / Win 10 / Win 8 64 bit / Win 8 / Win 7 64 bit / Win 7 / Win Vista 64 bit / Win Vista / Win XP 64 bit / Win XP
    · Rating: [img]http://i.imgur.com/jNp98zs.png[/img]

    [img]https://fullsoft.in/thumb?p=/site/images/preview/elcomsoft-forensic-disk-decryptor-preview.png[/img]

    [b]Keywords[/b]:
    elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor update crack, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor update crack, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor with crack, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor keygen crack, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor serial keys x86/x64, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor + crack latest, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor cracked full, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor crack serial number, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor serial keys x86/x64, elcomsoft forensic disk decryptor crack patch

    [b]More software cracks:[/b] [url=https://fullsoft.in]here[/url]

  5. Bruceoxinc Reply

    Your comment is awaiting moderation.

    Click the “Download Now” button to download Pinegrow Web Editor Crack.
    The process will just take a few seconds.

    Design your own web pages using drag and drop, work on multiple pages at the same time, and edit HTML code using this advanced web designer

    Mirror —> https://cracks4software.com/cracked/pinegrow-web-editor-14454

    · Version: 5.6
    · Patch date: June 26 2019
    · Company: Humane technologies llc.
    · Downloads: 23127
    · Download type: safety (no torrent/no viruses)
    · Status: clean (as of last analysis)
    · File size: small
    · Price: free
    · Special requirements: no requirements
    · Systems: Windows 10 64 bit, Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP
    · User rating:

    Keywords:
    pinegrow web editor crack keygen for windows, pinegrow web editor full version serial keys latest, pinegrow web editor keygen free download, pinegrow web editor crack exe, pinegrow web editor serial key, pinegrow web editor crack for windows free download, pinegrow web editor licence keys, pinegrow web editor crack hack, pinegrow web editor with crack, pinegrow web editor keygen serial

    Popular software: https://cracks4software.com

    Popular software:
    Blog Post Title – Golden Triangles
    Антиплагиат как пройти бесплатно
    New adventure: BranchCreation – Software Development
    Download Swords and Sorcery – Underworld – Definitive Edition crack fix
    Sarcastic CeliacPizza and Chat – Sarcastic Celiac
    EDS Google Books Downloader – download google books free
    Скачать RAR Password Recovery crack и keygen
    ГДЗ за 1-11 класс
    Download updater_task.dll to fix missing or corrupted DLL errors

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *